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DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY

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The Department of Sociology was started in 2018. It aims to prepare students to develop a ‘sociological imagination’ and to make connections between the private and the public domain.

The uniqueness of Sociology demands that creative and imaginative methods are adopted to teach students. The Department believes in the adage that Sociology surrounds us and that the only way to be truly sociological is to have dialogue with one another. Therefore, the classroom teaching is not top down but is done in an interactive way through the use of chalk and talk, newspaper analysis, films, multimedia and field visits.

Teaching/Assessment Methodology

  • Lecture method with smart classes
  • Powerpoint Presentation
  • Assignment/ Class Tests
  • Film Screenings

Equipped with these skills our students  can move on to successful postgraduate programmes such as social work, sociology, mass communication, human resource management, development studies, and law.

Let people fall in Love

“If Harry Potter taught us something, it’s that no one should live in a closet”

“When you reduce your life to Black and White, You never see rainbows”

The LGBTQ community (also referred to the gay community) is a loosely defined grouping of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, LGBT community, subcultures, united by a common culture and social movement. These communities are popularly known for celebrating pride, diversity, individuality and sexuality.

Same sex marriage is also known as Gay Marriages, it is the marriage of two persons of the same sex or gender and one cannot belittle their love and care for each other. Gay marriages are legally performed and recognized in countries like Argentina, Canada, Belgium, France, Colombia, Germany, Finland and many more. On 6th September, 2018, the Supreme Court of India decriminalized Homosexuality by declaring section 377 of penal code unconstitutional. Many Indian petitioners asked the court to scrap the law. In the pages of court filings, they talked about the emotional cost of living closeted lives.

Hinduism which is India’s predominant religion, was historically quite permissive of same-sex love and gender fluidity. Some of Hindu temples such as the Khajuraho Group of Monuments located in Chhatarpur, Madhya Pradesh depict erotic encounters between members of the same sex. It was only after the British colonization in India that an inflexible, Victorian morality seeped into the country’s laws.

It is high time for the society to normalize gay marriages, after all, in these marriages also, two human beings fall in love. Before any other identification, one must understand that one is first a Citizen of the world, and every human being must be treated equally in the eyes of laws and humanity.

People who identify themselves under the Queer Umbrella and the straight people only differ in terms of preferences, and it is degrading to judge a person based on what he or she likes. A human showing love and care for another human is as normal as growth of hair on human bodies. Speaking of the LGBTQ community, these people are emotionally and mentally stronger than a bunch of straight people. They have experienced injustice, humiliation, ragging, and isolation on a different level. How would you feel if you are mocked at by the society for liking what you like? These people have been wearing the blanket of degrading comments for years and yet they strive for their rights and most importantly, live happily. I believe that gay marriages should be legalized everywhere on the condition that both sides have the consent. It should no longer be considered eccentric and one shouldn’t mock at a person just because the latter isn’t fulfilling the conventional gender roles. It is high time to open both of our arms and understand each other. Spread love and let Cupid do the rest

By-

Kunga Lhakyi

BA 3rd Semester

‘Caste as a means of Social Stratification’

The word caste has been derived from a spanish word ‘casta’ which means lineage or race. Caste system with all its peculiar features is to be found in India only. The caste system as a form of social stratification characterised by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy  customary social interaction and exclusion. Caste is an inseparable aspect of Indian Society. It is Indian in its origin and development. Caste system as a form of social stratification is peculiar to India. The schedule caste occupy the bottom most position in the social ladder. They form the majority of the ‘backward’ or ‘depressed’ classes. Schedule caste are those group of people who were out of the Varna hierarchy. Varna system is the occupational division of labour. The individual and his society are linked together by Varna system. The schedule caste comprise the bulk of ‘untouchables’. Untouchables are a group of people who constitute the bottom most place in the hierarchy. People try to avoid touching the untouchables. This term is usually associated to Dalit Communities. Untouchables are considered impure. The schedule caste face a lot of social, civil, economic, religious, educational and political disabilities. A lot of atrocities were being committed against them.

Government  has undertaken various methods to promote the welfare of SC’s. Certain constitutional safeguards were developed by the government for the SC’s. Article 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds of race, sex, caste, religion. Article 17 abolishes untouchability. Article 46 promotes educational and economic interests of schedule caste. Article 335 mentions the claim of schedule caste to services and posts. Article 334 relates to reservation of seats for SC’s. A national commission has been set up by the government to safeguard the interest of SC’s. They are also given educational facilities.. They are given reservations, representations and relaxation on government posts. Voluntary organisations also play a very important role in promoting the welfare of SC’s.

Thus the SC’s are yet to become a decisive force. They are gradually attaining a definite position in the Indian Society and the government is undertaking various policies and measures to improve the plight of SC’s in Indian Society.

 

By

Misbah Khan

3rd Semester

‘Just society by just means’

Elections form the bedrock of the largest democracy in the world – India.  The methodology of election is through universal adult suffrage, whereby every citizen of India over 18 years of age is an eligible to vote for the candidate of their choice. Elections provide a way to the people to assert their voice, opinion and choose the person whose priorities and ideas matches with them most.

Conscientious citizens should therefore  exercise their adult franchise after reflecting on the realities. Choosing one vision over the other would decide the future of this democracy.

While on one hand, a section of Indians has surged ahead economically .Not just the very rich but the middle classes too are now much richer than they were, say twenty years ago.  For the majority of the country, however, it is an ongoing struggle to earn a living. A just society must seem far away to these Indians.

But a just society by just means is no longer a pipe dream, it is entirely viable and realistic. The pathway to it lies in adopting the right public policies, and it is in the hands of India’s political parties to do so the ones that we – you and I elect.

To address the economic hardship of the majority of Indians, public policy should reallocate towards removing capability deprivation which is the primary reason behind India’s low human development indicators. The poorly educated millions are helplessly caught by the market economy. Their skills do not match what is required for them to earn a decent living.

The second task of public policy in India is to raise the tempo of economic activity. Jobs are an issue and unemployment/ underemployment is on rise. The government cannot create jobs directly but it can create the preconditions by creating the requisite infrastructure through public investment and macroeconomic policy.

In politics, the manifestations of a nation’s soul lie in its foundational ideas. Inclusion, pluralism, secularism, freedom and equality are some of the building blocks of the Indian republic.

Elections are considered to be the litmus test for a democracy. As the 2019  General Elections draw near we are once again reminded  that may be an integral part of democracy, surely they cannot be its end. The end is the demos, or the people, and their welfare interests.

By

Ms. Ekta Gujral

Assistant Professor( Sociology)

( BA Department)