Department of Commerce
The vision envisaged by the department of commerce for the long-term benefit and gain of the students passing from this institute are encompassed and envisioned within the following parameters and aspects
- To create a vibrant centre of learning with innovative ideas and a radical approach.
- To ensure that students are well equipped with knowledge, working acumen and skills derived from a practical and a factual approach rather than a theoretical one.
- To be a success story, a person is required to be honest, have professional integrity, good judgment, a fair outlook so as to operate in the society as a stable capable profitable, productive and just a human being.
To ensure a quality of education at par with the premier institutions of this country, to enumerate standard operating procedures for standardising the template in a uniform manner such that it becomes a guiding beacon both for the faculty as well students.
- To identify genuine talent as well as inculcating a value system by providing them abundant opportunities to understand their potential thereby shaping them as future leaders.
- To identify the key result areas and use them as a milestone for constantly upgrading and improving the quality of education.
- To create a research-oriented environment for the benefit of the faculty as well as the institution.
- To lay down criteria and systems in place for periodical and long-term development of the batches of students passing through the department of commerce.
The department also strives to imbibe strong entrepreneurial capabilities in students so that they are not only job seekers but also job generator.
Department of Economics
- Lecture method with smart classes
- Power point presentation
- Class Test
- Assignment/Project Work
Skill India Mission
Skill India and Make in India
Skill India is an ambitious programme of the government of India. If the government is able to achieve the set target, it will have a very positive impact on Make in India program as well. This is because the growth in the manufacturing sector that is desired by the Make in India programme could not be achieved until the country has skilled manforce. Presently, India faces a shortage of trained workers. Only 2.3% of India’s workforce has formal skill training compared to 68% in the UK, 75% in Germany, 52% in USA, 80% in Japan and 96% in South Korea. Thus, there is an urgent need to impart skills to the people for the overall development of the economy.
Only skilled workforce would be able to provide desired results by joining the production process and fasten the achievements of the goals of Make in India scheme to encourage companies to manufacture their products in India and also increase their investment.
The major problem with skill training is the absence of job-linkages. This is only aggravating the problem of unemployment. The Public Private Partnership Model of operation of SSCs presents a great chance of bringing industry best practices in learning and development into such training modules. There is also need to increase the accessibility of the training programmes. It is in this way that the problem of unskilled labor in India can be tackled, thus reducing the increasing unemployment levels.
Dr Pooja Bhandari
( Department of Economics)
Development as freedom
African- American perform better in survival at lower age group especially infant mortality where comparatively Chinese or the Indians have high infant mortality rates. In fact, it turns out that Indian (Kerela) and Chinese out live the African-American in terms of life expectancy.
Economic development of the people is not only a contributing factor in human development, there are other social aspects of it. The socio-economic development is more significant than isolated economic or social development. Also economic development is not significant until and unless the social aspect of the human is not fulfilled. The elementary freedom is “Quality of life” which focuses on “way of human life goes” and not just only on resources or income that a person commands. It is an important aspect rather than just income or wealth. “Flourishing” and “Capacity” by Aristotle reflects the quality of life and substantive freedoms. With the emergence of the socio-economic way of development there is a need to understand “the necessities and conditions of living”.
William Petty has pioneered both “the income method” and “the expenditure method” of estimating the National Income but he was concerned that economic prosperity does not particularly accounts for “the common” and “each man’s particular happiness”. Thus assessing development in terms of “happy living” is more important.
In the great American civil war slaves stood up to the oppression. They were kept deprived of their own choices and were forced against their will by their masters. Similarly child labour deprive human fundamental values and abandon growth. Individual freedom is quintessentially a social product. Social arrangements are to be made to expand individual freedom. The use of individual freedom is not only to improve respective lives but also to make social arrangements more appropriate and effective.
The use of markets is altogether different that people have right to undertake transactions and exchange. People’s right to interact each other economically should be respected. The unemployment has negatively affected the people’s right to interact economically and to lead a decent livelihood.
HDI – India’s Ranking and the way forward
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education and per capita income indicators, which areused to rank countries in four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the life span ishigher, theeducation level is higher and the GNI (PPP) per capita is higher. It was developed by an economist Mahbub-ul-Haq with help from Gustav Ranis of Yale University and Lord Meghnad Desai of London School of Economics. This was further used to measure a country’s development bythe United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The calculation of the Index combines four major indictors, life expectancy for health, expected years of schooling, mean of years of schooling for education and gross national income per capita for standard of living. Every year the UNDP ranks countries based on HDI report released in their annual report.
India’s rank stands at 130 out of 189 countries in the latest Human Development Index and has the index figures of 0 – 640 as on 15th September 2018. Between 1990 and 2018 the HDI value of India increased from0.427 to 0.640 This is an increase of nearby 50% – which is an indicator of the country’s remarkable achievement in lifting millions of people out of the dark shadows of poverty, illiteracy and economic backwardness.
Department of English
About the Department
Vision and Mission Statement
The Department is distinctive in
- Offering a three year Bachelor Degree Programme in English and Comparative Literature.
- Familiarizing the students in fundamentals of inter-disciplinary areas such as ethnic, indigenous, caste, gender studies.
- Training the graduates of this course for careers in English, Comparative Literature and Cultural Studies teaching as well as careers in creative writing, journalism, translation, art criticism, publishing, script writing.
- Equipping the students and scholars for higher specialization in the above mentioned areas.
Sensitizing them towards gender, conflict management, and human rights issues.
Topic of The Month-
Unifying India Through Translation of Bhasha Literature
India is truly a multi linguistic and multi ethnic country. There is a rich trove of literature in each bhasha that is increasing day by day. However, the limitations of bhasha literature, in terms of reach and readership and perpetuation, cannot be denied.
In today’s small world, the quest for knowledge is on a boom. It would be a real pity if true portrayals of reality or brilliant ideas and solutions are restricted to just a certain set of readers, just on grounds of linguistic fencing.
This is where the importance of translation comes into play. Especially in a linguistically and culturally diverse country like India, the importance of translating bhasha literature for instilling a sense of empathy and understanding for each other ,cannot be undermined.
Also, homogenization of India through translating bhasha literature into a commonly understood language, (in this case, English), is not as novel a concept as it sounds. The British triggered translation of Indian religious texts in order to understand and rule India better. However, this move was cashed by national leaders and reformers in order to make people conscious of the common link between apparently diverse Indian communities, and thus unifying the nation.
In the current scenario, bhasha literature is at its all time high. The need of the hour is to take it one step further and give a global platform through translation. Translation among vernaculars and into English can prove to be a nationally integrationist move for knitting India together and “bridging India and Bharat”.
– Dr Deepshikha Srivastava
(deptt. Of English)
Department of Sociology
About the Department
The Department of Sociology was started in 2018. It aims to prepare students to develop a ‘sociological imagination’ and to make connections between the private and the public domain.
The uniqueness of Sociology demands that creative and imaginative methods are adopted to teach students. The Department believes in the adage that Sociology surrounds us and that the only way to be truly sociological is to have dialogue with one another. Therefore, the classroom teaching is not top down but is done in an interactive way through the use of chalk and talk, newspaper analysis, films, multimedia and field visits.
- Lecture method with smart classes
- Powerpoint Presentation
- Assignment/ Class Tests
- Film Screenings
Equipped with these skills our students can move on to successful postgraduate programmes such as social work, sociology, mass communication, human resource management, development studies, and law.
Let people fall in Love
“When you reduce your life to Black and White, You never see rainbows”The LGBTQ community (also referred to the gay community) is a loosely defined grouping of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, LGBT community, subcultures, united by a common culture and social movement. These communities are popularly known for celebrating pride, diversity, individuality and sexuality.Same sex marriage is also known as Gay Marriages, it is the marriage of two persons of the same sex or gender and one cannot belittle their love and care for each other. Gay marriages are legally performed and recognized in countries like Argentina, Canada, Belgium, France, Colombia, Germany, Finland and many more. On 6th September, 2018, the Supreme Court of India decriminalized Homosexuality by declaring section 377 of penal code unconstitutional. Many Indian petitioners asked the court to scrap the law. In the pages of court filings, they talked about the emotional cost of living closeted lives.Hinduism which is India’s predominant religion, was historically quite permissive of same-sex love and gender fluidity. Some of Hindu temples such as the Khajuraho Group of Monuments located in Chhatarpur, Madhya Pradesh depict erotic encounters between members of the same sex. It was only after the British colonization in India that an inflexible, Victorian morality seeped into the country’s laws.It is high time for the society to normalize gay marriages, after all, in these marriages also, two human beings fall in love. Before any other identification, one must understand that one is first a Citizen of the world, and every human being must be treated equally in the eyes of laws and humanity.
People who identify themselves under the Queer Umbrella and the straight people only differ in terms of preferences, and it is degrading to judge a person based on what he or she likes. A human showing love and care for another human is as normal as growth of hair on human bodies. Speaking of the LGBTQ community, these people are emotionally and mentally stronger than a bunch of straight people. They have experienced injustice, humiliation, ragging, and isolation on a different level. How would you feel if you are mocked at by the society for liking what you like? These people have been wearing the blanket of degrading comments for years and yet they strive for their rights and most importantly, live happily. I believe that gay marriages should be legalized everywhere on the condition that both sides have the consent. It should no longer be considered eccentric and one shouldn’t mock at a person just because the latter isn’t fulfilling the conventional gender roles. It is high time to open both of our arms and understand each other. Spread love and let Cupid do the rest
BA 3rd Semester
‘Caste as a means of Social Stratification’
The word caste has been derived from a spanish word ‘casta’ which means lineage or race. Caste system with all its peculiar features is to be found in India only. The caste system as a form of social stratification characterised by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy customary social interaction and exclusion. Caste is an inseparable aspect of Indian Society. It is Indian in its origin and development. Caste system as a form of social stratification is peculiar to India. The schedule caste occupy the bottom most position in the social ladder. They form the majority of the ‘backward’ or ‘depressed’ classes. Schedule caste are those group of people who were out of the Varna hierarchy. Varna system is the occupational division of labour. The individual and his society are linked together by Varna system. The schedule caste comprise the bulk of ‘untouchables’. Untouchables are a group of people who constitute the bottom most place in the hierarchy. People try to avoid touching the untouchables. This term is usually associated to Dalit Communities. Untouchables are considered impure. The schedule caste face a lot of social, civil, economic, religious, educational and political disabilities. A lot of atrocities were being committed against them.
Government has undertaken various methods to promote the welfare of SC’s. Certain constitutional safeguards were developed by the government for the SC’s. Article 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds of race, sex, caste, religion. Article 17 abolishes untouchability. Article 46 promotes educational and economic interests of schedule caste. Article 335 mentions the claim of schedule caste to services and posts. Article 334 relates to reservation of seats for SC’s. A national commission has been set up by the government to safeguard the interest of SC’s. They are also given educational facilities.. They are given reservations, representations and relaxation on government posts. Voluntary organisations also play a very important role in promoting the welfare of SC’s.
Thus the SC’s are yet to become a decisive force. They are gradually attaining a definite position in the Indian Society and the government is undertaking various policies and measures to improve the plight of SC’s in Indian Society.
‘Just society by just means’
Elections form the bedrock of the largest democracy in the world – India. The methodology of election is through universal adult suffrage, whereby every citizen of India over 18 years of age is an eligible to vote for the candidate of their choice. Elections provide a way to the people to assert their voice, opinion and choose the person whose priorities and ideas matches with them most.
Conscientious citizens should therefore exercise their adult franchise after reflecting on the realities. Choosing one vision over the other would decide the future of this democracy.
While on one hand, a section of Indians has surged ahead economically .Not just the very rich but the middle classes too are now much richer than they were, say twenty years ago. For the majority of the country, however, it is an ongoing struggle to earn a living. A just society must seem far away to these Indians.
But a just society by just means is no longer a pipe dream, it is entirely viable and realistic. The pathway to it lies in adopting the right public policies, and it is in the hands of India’s political parties to do so the ones that we – you and I elect.
To address the economic hardship of the majority of Indians, public policy should reallocate towards removing capability deprivation which is the primary reason behind India’s low human development indicators. The poorly educated millions are helplessly caught by the market economy. Their skills do not match what is required for them to earn a decent living.
The second task of public policy in India is to raise the tempo of economic activity. Jobs are an issue and unemployment/ underemployment is on rise. The government cannot create jobs directly but it can create the preconditions by creating the requisite infrastructure through public investment and macroeconomic policy.
In politics, the manifestations of a nation’s soul lie in its foundational ideas. Inclusion, pluralism, secularism, freedom and equality are some of the building blocks of the Indian republic.
Elections are considered to be the litmus test for a democracy. As the 2019 General Elections draw near we are once again reminded that may be an integral part of democracy, surely they cannot be its end. The end is the demos, or the people, and their welfare interests.
Ms. Ekta Gujral
Assistant Professor( Sociology)
( BA Department)